Bunium

No map specified
Authors: L.
Protologue: Sp. Pl. ed. 1
Synonyms: Bulbocastanum Mill. ,Wallrothia Spreng. ,Sympodium K.Koch, Elwendia Boiss., Diaphycarpus Calest., Buniella Schischk.
Type species: Bunium bulbocactanum
Type species authors: L.
Type species synonyms: No synonyms
Number of species: 45-50
Distribution: Europe, Asia, Africa (N), N.America (adv.)
Bibl.: No bibliography
No illustration specified

Features: fruits separating into mericarps or fruits free, not separating into mericarps; ovate or elliptic or lanceolate or linear-lanceolate; with carpophore bifid to the base or carpophore obsolete; beak absent or with short beak; mericarps homomorphic; glabrous or scabrous; 2.1-12.0 mm long; 1.2-5.0 mm broad; strongly compressed dorsally or slightly compressed dorsally or terete; with primary ribs; all primary ribs inconspicuous or all primary ribs equal, filiform or all primary ribs equal, keeled or all primary ribs equal, narrow-winged; dorsal ribs filiform or dorsal ribs keeled; marginal ribs filiform or marginal ribs keeled or marginal ribs narrow-winged; mericarp ribs straight; with entire margin; calyx teeth prominent or calyx teeth obsolete; short; triangular; stylopodia obsolete or stylopodia flat or stylopodia low conical or stylopodia conical or stylopodia narrow conical; styles short or styles medium; erect or spreading or recurved; cell borders distinct; cells isodiametric; anticlinal walls convex; outer cell walls convex; cuticle sparse striate; exocarp cells small; commissure narrow, exocarp almost reaches carpophore or commissure intermediate or commissure broad, exocarp interrupted near edges of marginal ribs; inner fibrous mesocarp obsolete; mesocarp parenchyma not lignified; vascular bundles compact; vittae vallecular and commissural or vittae cyclic; solitary in furrows or 2–5 in each furrow; two on commissural side or 4–10 on commissural side; rib sectetory ducts small, present in some ribs only or rib sectetory ducts obsolete; endocarp not lignified; crystals obsolete; endosperm flat, slightly convex or slightly concave on commissural side or endosperm with broad, shallow groove on commissural side; embryo with two cotyledons or embryo with single cotyledon.

Note: СЭМ: На ребрах границы клеток неразличимы, поверхность продольно морщинистая с гладкой кутикулой. В ложбинках границы слабо заметны, клетки изодиаметрические 20-30 мкм, антиклинальные стенки выпуклые, наружные периклинальные слегка выпуклые, кутикула расставленно морщинистая.