Ferula

No map specified
Authors: L.
Protologue: No protologue
Synonyms: Soranthus Ledeb., Agasulis Raf., Dardanis Raf., Elaeochytris Fenzl, Polycyrtus Schltdl.,Scorodosma Bunge , Narthex Falc. , Euryangium Kauffm., Buniotrinia Stapf & Wettst., Schumannia Kuntze, Merwia B.Fedtsch. , Talassia Korovin, nom. inval.
Type species: Ferula communis
Type species authors: L.
Type species synonyms: No synonyms
Number of species: 180-185
Distribution: Europe, Asia, Africa (NW, N, NE, trop.), Australia (adv.)
Bibl.: No bibliography
No illustration specified

Features: fruits separating into mericarps; ovate or elliptic or lanceolate; with carpophore bifid to the base; beak absent; mericarps homomorphic; glabrous or sparsely pubescent all over or densely hairy; 5.0-30.0 mm long; 1.5-20.0 mm broad; strongly compressed dorsally; with primary ribs; dorsal ribs filiform; marginal ribs narrow-winged or marginal ribs winged; mericarp ribs straight; with entire margin; calyx teeth prominent or calyx teeth obsolete; short; triangular; stylopodia flat or stylopodia low conical; styles medium or styles long; recurved; cell borders distinct or cell borders indistinct; surface longitudinally rugate or surface irregularly rugate or surface undulate; cells isodiametric; anticlinal walls convex; outer cell walls flat; cuticle smooth or cuticle sparse striate; cuticle on hairs striate; exocarp cells small; commissure broad, exocarp interrupted near edges of marginal ribs; inner fibrous mesocarp present, continous; mesocarp parenchyma partly composed of cells with lignified pitted walls; vascular bundles compact; situated in primary rib bases or situated medially in primary ribs; vittae vallecular and commissural or vittae cyclic; solitary in furrows or 2–5 in each furrow; two on commissural side or 4–10 on commissural side; rib sectetory ducts small, present in all ribs or rib sectetory ducts small, present in some ribs only; endocarp not lignified; endosperm flat, slightly convex or slightly concave on commissural side; embryo with two cotyledons.

Note: vascular bundles in marginal ribs several СЭМ: Границы клеток различимы, клетки изодиаметрические, антиклинальные стенки выпуклые, наружные периклинальные плоские, или границы клеток неразличимы, поверхность продольно морщинистая, беспорядочно морщинистая, волнистая. Кутикула гладкая или расставленно струйчатая. Плоды голые. или имеются редкие лентовидные волоски (сильно сплюснутые тонкостенные) с закругленной верхушкой и струйчатой кутикулой.